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 How to Learn the Table of the Elements 

The Periodic Table

An ebook to help you learn and test yourself on the periodic table of the elements is available to download.

Periodic Table of the Elements

The periodic table where chemical elements are arranged by their atomic mass was begun in 1869 by a Russian chemist, Dimitri Mendeleev. He was able to predict the discovery of more elements, and provided spaces in the periodic table for them when discovered.

This had all begun in 1669 when a German amateur alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to create a”Philosopher's Stone” in order to turn base metals into gold. Whilst boiling urine (don't ask) he discovered phosphorous – a metal that bursts into flames on exposure to air. The hunt for chemical elements was on.

By 1932, James Chadwick had discovered neutrons and isotopes, and completed the basis for the periodic table.

Learning all the elements in the periodic table is a pretty big order. The sooner they invent a memory attachment for the brain the better. Schools often ask pupils to learn the first twenty elements of the table and, fortunately, there are printable mnemonics to aid memory.

This mnemonic device is often taught in schools:

Harry he likes beer bottled cold not over frothy. Nelly nanny might although silly person she climbs around kinky caves.

1 : H : Hydrogen 2 : He : Helium 3 : Li : Lithium 4 : Be : Beryllium 5 : B : Boron 6 : C : Carbon 7 : N : Nitrogen 8 : O : Oxygen 9 : F : Fluorine 10 : Ne : Neon 11 : Na : Sodium 12 : Mg : Magnesium 13 : Al : Aluminum, Aluminium 14 : Si : Silicon 15 : P : Phosphorus 16 : S : Sulfur 17 : Cl : Chlorine 18 : Ar : Argon 19 : K : Potassium 20 : Ca : Calcium

If you are the sort of person who learns better by listening, a video by Ming reciting the above mnemonic to teach how to learn the first twenty elements of the table, at various speeds, is available on YouTube. URL below. You can print them out and study whenever you find a suitable moment.

You might like to experiment with this idea to produce a more personally memorable mnemonic. They say the madder or naughtier the images of the sentence the more likely you are to remember it. This one should make your mind boggle: Harry Houdini liked big blonde colleagues not over forty. Nerdy naughty men always scan photographs so Carol avoids known creeps.

or

Half-witted Harry liked big bearded chimps not over flirty. Needy neighbors may allow scared people some cake as kangaroos caper.

If you need to learn more here is my attempt at the next twenty:

Some teachers value carefull methods in children not considered zany. Gigantic galloping animals seldom bore kids reading something yuckily zoological.

21 : Sc : Scandium 22 : Ti : Titanium 23 : V : Vanadium 24 : Cr : Chromium 25 : Mn : Manganese 26 : Fe : Iron 27 : Co : Cobalt 28 : Ni : Nickel 29 : Cu : Copper 30 : Zn : Zinc 31 : Ga : Gallium 32 : Ge : Germanium 33 : As : Arsenic 34 : Se : Selenium 35 : Br : Bromine 36 : Kr : Krypton 37 : Rb : Rubidium 38 : Sr : Strontium 39 : Y : Yttrium 40 : Zr : Zirconium

Modify it as you please, and if you manage to learn the entire table all I can say is: God bless you!

This handy list can be copied and pasted into your word-processor to be printed.


List of the chemical elements by increasing atomic number. 

1 : H : Hydrogen
2 : He : Helium
3 : Li : Lithium
4 : Be : Beryllium
5 : B : Boron
6 : C : Carbon
7 : N : Nitrogen
8 : O : Oxygen
9 : F : Fluorine
10 : Ne : Neon
11 : Na : Sodium
12 : Mg : Magnesium
13 : Al : Aluminum, Aluminium
14 : Si : Silicon
15 : P : Phosphorus
16 : S : Sulfur
17 : Cl : Chlorine
18 : Ar : Argon
19 : K : Potassium
20 : Ca : Calcium
21 : Sc : Scandium
22 : Ti : Titanium
23 : V : Vanadium
24 : Cr : Chromium
25 : Mn : Manganese
26 : Fe : Iron
27 : Co : Cobalt
28 : Ni : Nickel
29 : Cu : Copper
30 : Zn : Zinc
31 : Ga : Gallium
32 : Ge : Germanium
33 : As : Arsenic
34 : Se : Selenium
35 : Br : Bromine
36 : Kr : Krypton
37 : Rb : Rubidium
38 : Sr : Strontium
39 : Y : Yttrium
40 : Zr : Zirconium
41 : Nb : Niobium
42 : Mo : Molybdenum
43 : Tc : Technetium
44 : Ru : Ruthenium
45 : Rh : Rhodium
46 : Pd : Palladium
47 : Ag : Silver
48 : Cd : Cadmium
49 : In : Indium
50 : Sn : Tin
51 : Sb : Antimony
52 : Te : Tellurium
53 : I : Iodine
54 : Xe : Xenon
55 : Cs : Cesium
56 : Ba : Barium
57 : La : Lanthanum
58 : Ce : Cerium
59 : Pr : Praseodymium
60 : Nd : Neodymium
61 : Pm : Promethium
62 : Sm : Samarium
63 : Eu : Europium
64 : Gd : Gadolinium
65 : Tb : Terbium
66 : Dy : Dysprosium
67 : Ho : Holmium
68 : Er : Erbium
69 : Tm : Thulium
70 : Yb : Ytterbium
71 : Lu : Lutetium
72 : Hf : Hafnium
73 : Ta : Tantalum
74 : W : Tungsten
75 : Re : Rhenium
76 : Os : Osmium
77 : Ir : Iridium
78 : Pt : Platinum
79 : Au : Gold
80 : Hg : Mercury
81 : Tl : Thallium
82 : Pb : Lead
83 : Bi : Bismuth
84 : Po : Polonium
85 : At : Astatine
86 : Rn : Radon
87 : Fr : Francium
88 : Ra : Radium
89 : Ac : Actinium
90 : Th : Thorium
91 : Pa : Protactinium
92 : U : Uranium
93 : Np : Neptunium
94 : Pu : Plutonium
95 : Am : Americium
96 : Cm : Curium
97 : Bk : Berkelium
98 : Cf : Californium
99 : Es : Einsteinium
100 : Fm : Fermium
101 : Md : Mendelevium
102 : No : Nobelium
103 : Lr : Lawrencium
104 : Rf : Rutherfordium
105 : Db : Dubnium
106 : Sg : Seaborgium
107 : Bh : Bohrium
108 : Hs : Hassium
109 : Mt : Meitnerium
110 : Ds : Darmstadtium
111 : Rg : Roentgenium
112 : Cn : Copernicium
113 : Uut : Ununtrium
114 : Uuq : Ununquadium
115 : Uup : Ununpentium
116 : Uuh : Ununhexium
117 : Uus : Ununseptium
118 : Uuo : Ununoctium



Ming's video:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X87ok9UXKVM
The periodic table can be found here
http://chemistry.about.com/library/blperiodictable.htm



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